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Analysis reveals advantage of dapagliflozin for coronary heart failure sufferers no matter ejection fraction

Dapagliflozin reduces the dangers of loss of life and cardiovascular occasions in sufferers with coronary heart failure no matter ejection fraction, based on late-breaking analysis introduced in a Sizzling Line session in the present day at ESC Congress 2022.

This pre-specified patient-level meta-analysis mixed the DAPA-HF and DELIVER trials of the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin in sufferers with coronary heart failure. DAPA-HF enrolled sufferers with decreased ejection fraction (40% or much less) and DELIVER enrolled sufferers with mildly decreased and preserved ejection fraction (above 40%). Each trials randomly allotted individuals to dapagliflozin 10 mg as soon as every day or placebo.

The primary purpose of this evaluation was to look at the impact of dapagliflozin on plenty of secondary outcomes that every trial alone was not powered to look at. The second purpose was to look at if dapagliflozin was efficient throughout all the vary of ejection fraction, for the reason that EMPEROR-Preserved trial beforehand recommended that the impact of empagliflozin, one other SGLT2 inhibitor, could also be attenuated in sufferers with larger ejection fraction.

A complete of 11,007 sufferers had been randomised to dapagliflozin or placebo within the two trials. Survival evaluation was used to look at the impact of dapagliflozin on loss of life from cardiovascular causes; loss of life from any trigger; complete hospital admissions for coronary heart failure; and the composite of loss of life from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke (main antagonistic cardiovascular occasions; MACE).

The typical age of individuals was 69 years and 35% had been ladies. The median observe up was 1.8 years. Dapagliflozin decreased the chance of loss of life from cardiovascular causes by 14% (hazard ratio [HR] 0.86; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.76-0.97; p=0.01), loss of life from any trigger by 10% (HR 0.90; 95% CI 0.82-0.99; p=0.03), complete hospital admissions for coronary heart failure by 29% (relative threat [RR] 0.71; 95% CI 0.65-0.78; p<0.001) and MACE by 11% (HR 0.90; 95% CI 0.81-1.00; p=0.045). There was no proof that the impact of dapagliflozin differed by ejection fraction for any of the outcomes.

Our findings verify that every one sufferers with coronary heart failure, no matter ejection fraction, might profit from dapagliflozin along with another coronary heart failure remedy they’re receiving.”

Pardeep Jhund, Examine Writer, Professor College of Glasgow, UK

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